Untitled Document

COVIDSafe Report November 2021–May 2022

Report under Part VIIIA of the Privacy Act 1988

14 June 2022

About this report

The Australian Government launched the voluntary COVIDSafe app (COVIDSafe) on 27 April 2020.

On 16 May 2020, the Office of the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC) was granted additional functions and powers in relation to COVIDSafe under Part VIIIA of the Privacy Act 1988.

The object of Part VIIIA is to assist in preventing and controlling the entry, emergence, establishment or spread of COVID‑19 into or within Australia by providing stronger privacy protections for COVID app data and COVIDSafe users in order to:

  1. encourage public acceptance and uptake of COVIDSafe, and
  2. enable faster and more effective contact tracing.

Part VIIIA expands the Commissioner’s regulatory oversight role to apply to state and territory health authorities, to the extent that they deal with COVID app data.

It enhances the Commissioner’s role in dealing with eligible data breaches and conducting assessments and investigations in relation to COVIDSafe and COVID app data. It enables the Commissioner to refer matters to, and share information or documents with, state or territory privacy authorities. It also applies the Privacy Act’s rules and privacy protections and Commonwealth oversight to state and territory health authorities in relation to COVID app data.

In accordance with section 94ZB of the Privacy Act, this report sets out the performance of the Commissioner’s functions and the exercise of the Commissioner’s powers under or in relation to Part VIIIA.

This report covers the period 16 November 2021 to 15 May 2022.

Executive summary

The Commissioner has an independent oversight function for the COVIDSafe system under the Privacy Act and is actively monitoring and regulating compliance. The Commissioner has powers to:

Executive summary

During the reporting period 16 November 2021 to 15 May 2022, the OAIC received no enquiries or complaints about the COVIDSafe system.

We progressed the COVIDSafe Assessment Program, finalising one assessment.

The Commissioner was not required to exercise her powers in relation to complaints, investigations, Commissioner-initiated investigations, information sharing and data breaches.

Commissioner’s powers

The OAIC’s first COVIDSafe report detailed the Commissioner’s powers in relation to the COVIDSafe system.

During the reporting period of 16 November 2021 to 15 May 2022, the following matters were recorded in relation to Part VIIIA:

Table 1 – Number of matters related to the COVIDSafe system

Regulatory function

Number

Enquiries received

0

Complaints received

0

Investigations

0

Commissioner-initiated investigations

0

Information sharing

0

Assessments finalised

1

Assessments underway

1

Data breach notifications received

0

Assessments

We detailed our COVIDSafe Assessment Program in the first COVIDSafe report. In relation to that program, during the period covered by this report the OAIC finalised COVIDSafe Assessment 4 and progressed 8 individual reports for Assessment 2 in relation to the state and territory health authorities.

Summary of COVIDSafe Assessment 4

Assessment 4 examined the retention, destruction and deletion of COVID app data by the National COVIDSafe Data Store Administrator. The final report for Assessment 4 was published on 7 April 2022.

At the time the fieldwork for this assessment was conducted, the Digital Transformation Agency (DTA) was the sole Data Store Administrator. Between 27 September and 4 October 2021, this function transitioned to the Department of Health. From 5 October 2021, Health is the sole Data Store Administrator and the DTA no longer has access to COVID app data and information collected through COVIDSafe.

The assessment found:

  • while the Data Store Administrator was taking all reasonable steps to delete registration data, it can take steps to address privacy risks for COVIDSafe users who:
    • do not reply to the text message to confirm their deletion request
    • enter an incorrect mobile number into the ‘Request data deletion’ webform
  • the Data Store Administrator had not implemented measures to prevent use or disclosure of registration data that cannot be immediately deleted after receiving a request for deletion, creating a privacy risk
  • the Data Store Administrator was complying with s 94N of the Privacy Act in relation to individuals who opt out of using COVIDSafe.

The OAIC made 3 recommendations and 2 suggestions to address privacy risks. The recommendations, suggestions and Data Store Administrator’s responses are outlined in parts 3 and 4 of the report.

Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security COVIDSafe report

The Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security assists ministers in overseeing and reviewing the legality and propriety of the activities of 6 of Australia’s intelligence and security agencies, including their compliance with Part VIIIA of the Privacy Act. These agencies are:

  • Australian Security Intelligence Organisation
  • Australian Secret Intelligence Service
  • Australian Signals Directorate
  • Australian Geospatial-Intelligence Organisation
  • Defence Intelligence Organisation
  • Office of National Intelligence.

The Inspector-General has reviewed the agencies’ compliance with Part VIIIA between 16 November 2021 and 15 May 2022 and provided an unclassified report for the Commissioner to consider in preparing this report.

The report notes:

  • There is no evidence that any agency has deliberately targeted or decrypted, accessed or used any COVID app data.
  • Incidental collection in the course of the lawful collection of other data has occurred (and is permitted by the Privacy Act). IGIS found the agencies have appropriate policies and procedures in place regarding any incidental collection of COVID app data and are adhering to them. Agencies are taking reasonable steps to quarantine and delete such data as soon as practicable after becoming aware it has been collected.
  • IGIS has not received any complaints or public interest disclosures about COVID app data.

The IGIS report is provided as Attachment A to this report and is also published on the IGIS website.

Glossary

Term

Definition

Australian Privacy Principles (APPs)

The APPs are the cornerstone of the privacy protection framework in the Privacy Act 1988. They apply to any organisation or agency the Privacy Act covers.

There are 13 APPs and they govern standards, rights and obligations around:

  • the collection, use and disclosure of personal information
  • an organisation or agency’s governance and accountability
  • integrity and correction of personal information
  • the rights of individuals to access their personal information.

Contact tracing

Section 94D(6): The process of identifying persons who have been in contact with a person who has tested positive for the coronavirus known as COVID‑19, and includes:

  1. notifying a person that the person has been in contact with a person who has tested positive for the coronavirus known as COVID‑19; and
  2. notifying a person who is a parent, guardian or carer of another person that the other person has been in contact with a person who has tested positive for the coronavirus known as COVID‑19; and
  3. providing information and advice to a person who:
    1. has tested positive for the coronavirus known as COVID‑19; or
    2. is a parent, guardian or carer of another person who has tested positive for the coronavirus known as COVID‑19; or
    3. has been in contact with a person who has tested positive for the coronavirus known as COVID‑19; or
    4. is a parent, guardian or carer of another person who has been in contact with a person who has tested positive for the coronavirus known as COVID‑19.

COVID app data

Section 94D(5): Data relating to a person that:

  1. has been collected or generated (including before the commencement of this Part) through the operation of COVIDSafe; and
  2. either:
    1. is registration data; or
    2. is stored, or has been stored (including before the commencement of this Part), on a communication device.

However, it does not include:

  1. information obtained, from a source other than directly from the National COVIDSafe Data Store, in the course of undertaking contact tracing by a person employed by, or in the service of, a State or Territory health authority; or
  2. de-identified statistical information about the total number of registrations through COVIDSafe that is produced by:
    1. an officer or employee of the data store administrator; or
    2. a contracted service provider for a government contract with the data store administrator.

COVIDSafe app (COVIDSafe)

Section 6(1): An app that is made available or has been made available (including before the commencement of this Part), by or on behalf of the Commonwealth, for the purpose of facilitating contact tracing.

National COVIDSafe Data Store (Data Store)

Section 6(1): The database administered by or on behalf of the Commonwealth for the purpose of contact tracing.

National COVIDSafe Data Store Administrator (Data Store Administrator)

From 16 May 2020 to 26 September 2021, the Digital Transformation Agency (DTA) was the sole Data Store Administrator. Between 27 September and 4 October 2021, this function transitioned to the Department of Health (Health). From 5 October 2021, Health is the sole Data Store Administrator and the DTA no longer has access to COVID app data and information collected through COVIDSafe.