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Accessibility is very important to us. Please feel free to get in touch with us if you have any problems using this site, if the document you need is not in a format you can access, or if you have any comments or questions. You can email us on or visit Contact us for more options.

Accessibility tips for this site

Many of these features require JavaScript. Your JavaScript is turned off.

Skip links

Every page starts with two skip links: “Skip to main content” and “Skip to secondary navigation”.

You can also skip forwards and backwards over the Twitter widget.

Search suggestions

There is a search field at the top of every page. When you type into it, a list of links to suggested pages will be displayed after the search — you can navigate this list with the Tab key, or press Esc to close it.

Main menu

You can navigate the main menu using the Tab key. Press Enter to open and close each submenu. You can also press Esc to close the submenus.

ARIA landmarks

Our site has the following ARIA landmarks:

  • Banner (this is the header section, including the crest, accessibility menu and search function)
    • Navigation (this is the accessibility menu: Accessibility, Site map, Contact us and Subscribe)
    • Search
  • Main menu navigation
  • Main (Start of main content)
  • Secondary menu navigation (this contains just the menu items for the section you’re currently in)
  • Content info (this is the footer)

Long text descriptions

If an image has a long text description (for instance, charts or infographics), there will be a link following the image that jumps you to it. For example, Chart 1 in the 2013 Community Attitudes Survey.

Archived pages

Some pages have been archived to the National Library of Australia web archive. Links to these pages will show a little archive icon, or your screen reader will announce “From the NLA web archive”.


ReadSpeaker reads aloud the text on the web page. This is useful if you prefer listening over reading.

You don’t need to install anything to use ReadSpeaker — just click “Listen to this page”. However, be aware the audio you listen to counts towards your data usage. 1 MB is roughly 3 minutes.

How to use ReadSpeaker

Click “Listen to this page” to start ReadSpeaker. It’s at the top of every page and looks like this:

ReadSpeaker Listen to this page button

An audio player appears and ReadSpeaker starts to read aloud the main content of the web page.

ReadSpeaker audio player, with buttons labelled 1 to 7

  1. Play or Pause reading
  2. Stop reading
  3. Progress bar
  4. Volume
  5. Download the MP3 audio file of the page
  6. Settings
  7. Close the player

The ReadSpeaker accesskey is L. You can use Tab and Shift + Tab to navigate inside the player. Press Enter to activate the buttons.


In the Settings menu, you can:

  • Choose if you want ReadSpeaker to highlight the text while reading.
  • Choose if the text should be highlighted on word-and-sentence, sentence only, or word only.
  • Choose colours for highlighting.
  • Turn on Enhanced Text Visibility. This takes the current sentence and shows it at the bottom of the screen in a much larger text size.
  • Choose if you want the reading speed to be slow, medium or fast.
  • Choose if you want the page to scroll automatically to follow the highlighted text.
  • Choose if you want the pop-up Listen button to appear when you select text.
  • Restore all the settings to default.

When you change the Settings, a cookie named ReadSpeakerSettings will be stored on your device. This allows your settings to be used across any website that uses ReadSpeaker.

ReadSpeaker’s website is:

How to resize text

It’s easy to resize text in modern browsers by zooming in and out of the page.

Zoom in

  • Hold down the Ctrl key then press the + key; or
  • Hold down the Ctrl key then scroll the mousewheel away from you.

Zoom out

  • Hold down the Ctrl key then press the - key; or
  • Hold down the Ctrl key then scroll the mousewheel towards from you.

Reset the zoom level

  • Press the Ctrl and 0 (zero) keys at the same time.